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What is the latest PPF rate? What are the historical rates for PPF?

This article gives you the current and historical interest rates for PPF so that you can decide if investing in PPF is the right option for your portfolio.

What is the latest PPF rate? What are the historical rates for PPF?


Posted on 30 Jan 2023
Author: Sayan Sircar
7 mins read
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This article gives you the current and historical interest rates for PPF so that you can decide if investing in PPF is the right option for your portfolio.

What is the latest PPF rate? What are the historical rates for PPF?

This article is a part of our detailed article series on Public Provident Fund (PPF). Ensure you have read the other parts here:

📚 Topics covered:

What is the public provident fund (PPF)?

As per Wikipedia, the Public Provident Fund (PPF) is a savings-cum-tax-saving instrument in India introduced by the National Savings Institute of the Ministry of Finance in 1968. PPF allows you to save small sums of money, and offers a guaranteed interest rate and tax benefits that make it attractive for many conservative investors.

PPF is a fantastic debt instrument which has guaranteed return (though it has fallen over time) but it is still higher than the market rate in other options. Since there is a 15 years lock-in (which can be extended in blocks of 5 years) and to keep the account active you need only ₹500/year, open it and keep it active. Later when you need to invest more amount in long-term debt investments, both the maturity of PPF will be closer and you will have many options like debt mutual funds. You can open PPF in your own name plus in the name of your parents if they don’t have one already. When you get married and have children, you repeat this for your spouse and children.

PPF is an EEE-class instrument which means that it is exempt from tax on investment up to 1.5 lakhs/year under 80C, exempt from taxation during growth and there is a full exemption on taxes at maturity.

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What is the current PPF rate?

The latest PPF rate is 7.1%

Historical interest rate and investment limits of PPF

Using data from the National Savings Institute, we plot the historical interest rates and limits of PPF investment since 1968.

Historical interest rate and investment limits of PPF

Some observations:

  • PPF rates before the 1980s were below the levels of today
  • will PPF rates go lower from the current levels: history shows us that it has been a lot lower, and there is no reason why it cannot go a lot lower
  • there was a long period of 15-ish years (Apr-1986 to Jan-2000) where interest rates were their highest, i.e. 12%. If you have a longing for those rates, do remember the condition of the economy in the same period
  • PPF investment limit has been rising over the years and is currently capped by the same ₹150,000 limit as Section 80C tax deduction

Here is another view of the same data but for every month since 1995:

PPF Interest Rate Over The Years for every month since 1995

In the sections below we will cover a few commonly asked questions on PPF.

A few commonly asked questions on PPF investment

Which is better for the long-term - PPF or mutual funds?

PPF vs mutual funds for 15 years

Our analysis using SENSEX data from 1979 shows that stock investing in SIP form over a 15-year horizon has given better returns than investing in PPF.

Read more: PPF vs. mutual funds: which is better?

Should you invest in PPF for your child’s college education?

If your college admission date is 15 years or more away, then a PPF account can be used. However, the returns from PPF are below the usual college fee inflation of 10% (or more), you need equity mutual funds as well to ensure that you meet your goal.

Read more: What is the best way to invest for your child’s college education?

How much should you invest in PPF?

For long-term goals, PPF is a good option. For goals that are more than 15 years away, the typical asset allocation, i.e. mix of equity and debt in the portfolio, should be around 60:40. This means that your monthly investment should also follow the same 60:40 rule. As long as you are investing at least enough in equity as per the asset allocation, the rest can be in PPF and other debt investment options.

Read more: What should be my mix of MF, Stocks, Gold, NPS, FD, PPF and ELSS if I want to invest 50k per month?

Complete set of FAQs on PPF

We have an extensive list of questions on PPF here: Frequently asked questions on Public Provident fund (PPF): the complete guide.

What are the latest Small Savings Scheme rates?

PPF is a part of the Small Savings Schemes whose interest rates are periodically announced by the government. The latest rates are here: What are the latest Small Savings Scheme rates?.

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Next steps:

1. Email me with any questions.

2. Use our goal-based investing template to prepare a financial plan for yourself
OR
use this quick and fast online calculator to find out the SIP amount and asset allocation for your goals.

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This post titled What is the latest PPF rate? What are the historical rates for PPF? first appeared on 30 Jan 2023 at https://arthgyaan.com


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