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Should you choose the new tax regime from 1st April 2023?

This article describes how to use the Arthgyaan goal-based investing tool as a calculator to determine if switching to the New Tax Regime makes sense.

Should you choose the new tax regime from 1st April 2023?


Posted on 01 Apr 2023
Author: Sayan Sircar
5 mins read
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This article describes how to use the Arthgyaan goal-based investing tool as a calculator to determine if switching to the New Tax Regime makes sense.

Should you choose the new tax regime from 1st April 2023?

📚 Topics covered:

What is the new tax regime?

Budget 2020 introduced the New Tax Regime (NTR) with the premise of lower overall taxes on income as long as tax deductions like 80C, 80D, HRA etc., are foregone by the investor. In contrast, the Old Tax Regime (OTR) allows all of these deductions but with a higher tax on the post-deduction income. As per Budget 2023,

Old tax Regime slabs for post-deduction income are:

  • 0-2.5L - 0%
  • 2.5-5L - 5%
  • 5-10L - 20%
  • 10L+ - 30%

New tax Regime slabs for post-deduction income are:

  • 0-3L - 0%
  • 3-6L - 5%
  • 6-9L - 10%
  • 9-12L - 15%
  • 12-15L - 20%
  • 15L+ - 30%

Given how these slabs are structured, there is a breakeven point based on the total amount of deductions you usually take so that one of the tax regimes leads to lower taxes. Now that NTR is the default option, it is essential to correctly choose the tax regime, as many companies will open up the choice in April.

Related:
How to plan tax deductions for salaried income?

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Switching regimes and default options

An individual salaried taxpayer can switch between the old and new tax regimes once a year without restrictions. If you have yet to specify the regime to your employer, then the new tax regime will be used by default. You must also file your ITR on time if you wish to use the old tax regime.

Taxpayers can also declare one tax regime (old or new) to their employer and then switch to the other one when filing.

This article helps you decide, based on your tax planning and the deductions you wish to take, which regime will be beneficial for you this financial year, i.e. FY2023-24, which starts on 1st April 2023. However, you should remember that if you declare the wrong tax regime and later add/remove deductions, more tax will get deducted. Therefore, you will have to ask for a refund when filing.

There are other financial tasks due in April. Here is a list: How should you plan your investments and taxes in April?.

Using the calculator

We use the Arthgyaan Goal-based investing calculator to formulate the investment model with all the above assumptions and goals. There is a link to download a pre-filled copy of the Google sheet via the button below.

Important: You must be logged into your Google Account on a laptop/desktop (and not on a phone) to access the sheet.

Once you get your sheet, you can get access to video tutorials in the howto tab.

We show a few cases below.

Case 1: Income 20 lakhs, usual deductions

Old vs new tax regime case 1

Case 2: Income 20 lakhs, usual deductions but no HRA

Old vs new tax regime case 2

Case 3: Income 30 lakhs, usual deductions, home loan

Old vs new tax regime case 3

Case 4: Income 30 lakhs, usual deductions, HRA

Old vs new tax regime case 4

Case 5: Income 30 lakhs, usual deductions, no HRA, no home loan

Old vs new tax regime case 5

All of these case studies are present as separate tabs in the Sheet.

Summing up

As in all the cases above, the differentiating factor is the quantum of deductions. As long as the amount of deductions from 80C, 80D, home loan, HRA etc., exceeds ₹3.75 lakhs (we will ignore the ₹50,000 standard deduction since that is the same for both regimes), the old tax regime is better.

The old tax regime, therefore, makes sense only if you have substantial valid investments via 80C, pay a good amount of medical insurance premium under 80D and have either a home loan or receive HRA.

Related:
How to best use 80C deductions to plan your taxes?

The new tax regime makes sense

  • if you have a high enough income so that 80C is taken care of by default by EPF but do not have a home loan or no HRA since the could be very close or less to 10% of your basic pay
  • if you stay in your own home without a home loan and do not have to pay rent or EMI
  • if you have planned your investments as per goal-based investing and do not have an excess allocation to debt investments like PPF or insurance plans

If you are still determining your deductions, you can play around with your options in the calculator to see what works best for you.

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