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Do not invest in mutual funds before doing this

20 Apr 2021 - Contact Sayan Sircar
6 mins read

Risk profiling is a mandatory step that should be completed before investing in goals

Risk profiling is important before investing

Table of Contents

Role of risk in a portfolio

A portfolio created for a goal has one purpose: meet the goal. Therefore, we need to balance risky assets that generally appreciate fast (like equity) and slow-growing assets that provide stability (like debt). The tool that is used to determine this mix of investments is risk profiling. Risk profiling, if not done, leads to a high chance of missing the goal. Being invested in the wrong asset class in the wrong proportion (either equity or debt) can lead to either high risk or poor returns or worse both.

The basic premise of asset allocation is a balance of the investor’s goal priority (needs vs wants) and the time horizon of the goal like this:

(click to open in a new tab)
Goal-based investing: priority vs. asset-allocation

The split is determined by the risk profile of the investor.

As discussed in our goal-based investing post, there are three aspects to risk related to a goal: the necessity of taking risk, ability (can take risk) and willingness (want to take risk).

  • Need to take Risk: This depends on the goal-priority, corpus target (how much money is needed), horizon, inflation applicable and investible surplus available to be allocated to the goal. A quick way to classify goals are must-have (cannot be missed both in time and amount like retirement), should have (amount can be flexible like for college education loan can be taken) and could have (these are flexible in both time and amount like a vacation: choose the destination and which year to go on vacation as per money saved).
  • Risk-taking ability: This is a fairly objective metric that deals with how much risk can be taken to save for a goal. Factors like high income, less number of dependants, large corpus and high skill-set in career etc. increase ability to take more risk.
  • Risk-taking willingness: This is a subjective metric that deals with behavioural aspects driven by the level of knowledge about personal finance and experience in capital markets. Things like buying a house to save tax, keeping money in savings a/c or FD due to distrust/misunderstanding of capital markets (“stock-market is gambling”), gold/real estate is the best asset class etc. are typical examples. Willingness is impacted a lot by recent market performance. In a bull market, many people intend to take more and more risk while the opposite happens in a bear market. This needs to be carefully balanced with the above two factors to ensure that unnecessarily high or low risk is not being taken.

Note: when weighing ability vs. willingness, the more conservative of the two needs to be chosen since that is most suited to the client’s unique situation.

Both willingness and ability can be ascertained via questionnaire and discussion and formulation of asset allocation requires both to be in sync and can be done post discussion with a competent fee-only planner. By merging the two traits, overall risk classification (per goal based on the need to take risk) can be made using a simple 3 point scale: high, medium and low.

How to use the questionnaire

Please use this form for a single/particular goal like buying a house, a vacation, a child’s college education or retirement etc.

What are financial goals

This form is not for your “overall” asset allocation. There are some myths/thumb rules regarding asset allocation like 100-age% or 60:40 equity to debt that completely ignores the individual’s risk profile and details of a goal.

The only thing asset allocation depends on are

  • need to take risk (goal priority, horizon, inflation, surplus available)
  • risk-taking ability
  • risk-taking willingness

and this questionnaire covers all of that.

There are two sections:

Section 1: Basic details, goal priority and risk-taking ability

Please enter your

  • name
  • email address (to get the results)
  • goal priority (how important is the goal to you)
  • how far away is the goal (in years)
  • a broad question on risk appetite: are you willing to lose part of your investment trying to get returns
  • risk-taking ability under “Describe yourself”: tick as applicable

Your name and email address will not be shared with any third party.

Section 2: Risk-taking willingness

This is a set of 12 questions using a rating (Likert) scale (strongly disagree, disagree, neutral, agree, strongly agree) to understand how the investor’s mind works and behavioural aspects towards investments

Our new Goal-based investing tool will help you to create and manage all of your goals in one place. Click the image below to get access:

Arthgyaan creates a system for reaching your financial goals by sharing simple, actionable advice backed by research and analysis.

Your email address will not be shared with anyone and you can unsubscribe anytime.

Interpreting the results

You will get an email with the following information:

  • Your risk profile: high, medium, low
  • Your recommended asset allocation between equity and debt

for the chosen goal.

Things to keep in mind:

  • This asset allocation is not static. You need to review it yearly
  • If your goal is closer than 5 years, then you need to be 100% in liquid funds/bank FD / cash else there is a high risk of not meeting the goal
  • If you are investing in PPF (15y) / Sukanya Samriddhi (21y) / VPF (until retirement) etc. for the debt part, keep in mind the respective lock-in periods of each.

Disclaimer: The asset allocation and risk profile provided is for educational purpose only. Please consult a SEBI registered Fee-only-advisor before making any investments.

Link to the questionnaire

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Next steps:

1. Email me with any questions.

2. Use our goal-based investing template to prepare a financial plan for yourself
use this quick and fast online calculator to find out the SIP amount and asset allocation for your goals.

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